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The apex WTO body responsible for decision-making is the Ministerial Conference, which meets every two years, and during the two years between meetings, the functions of the Conference are performed by the General Council.

The General Council meets as a Dispute Settlement Body when it considers complaints and takes necessary steps to settle disputes between member countries. It is also responsible for carrying out reviews of the trade policies of individual countries on the basis of the reports prepared by the WTO Secretariat, The General Council is assisted in its work by the:

  • Council for Trade in Goods, which oversees the implementation and operation of GATT 1994 and its associate Agreements.
  • Council for Trade in Services, which oversees the implementation and operation of GATS.

Council for TRIPS, which oversees the operation of the Agreement on TRIPS.